COVID-19 dry runs: From vaccination rooms to Co-WIN app, this is how mock immunisation drive is held throughout India


The major goal of the dry run is to evaluate the operational feasibility of utilizing the Co-WIN software in a discipline surroundings. The app was specifically designed to maintain a monitor of Covid-19 vaccination programme and permit Indian residents to use for a Covid-19 vaccine shot

Amid stories of COVID-19 vaccine candidate Covishield being recommended for emergency use authorisation in India, a dry run for COVID-19 vaccination was held throughout India to check the linkages between planning and implementation, and to establish the challenges.

This was the second dry run this week. On Tuesday, a dry was held in choose areas in Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Assam and Gujarat.

According to the Union Health Ministry, the target of the dry run for COVID-19 vaccine introduction is to “assess operational feasibility in the use of Co-WIN application in the field environment, to test the linkages between planning and implementation and to identify the challenges and guide the way forward prior to actual implementation. This is also expected to give confidence to programme managers at various levels”.

The Co-WIN app was specially designed to maintain a monitor of COVID-19 vaccination programme and permit Indian residents to use for a COVID-19 vaccine shot.

The knowledge gathered within the dry can be used within the deliberate vaccination of healthcare employees and frontline employees because the preliminary precedence teams. All the healthcare employees from authorities and personal services have already been enlisted and their particulars uploaded as per the Centre’s directions.

The date for precise vaccination can be introduced as soon as the DCGI approves Covishield manufactured by Pune-based SII for emergency utilization.

The dry run can even equip the state and UT administration within the administration of vaccine provide, storage and logistics together with chilly chain administration, the ministry acknowledged.

Another necessary focus of the dry run can be on the administration of any attainable antagonistic occasions following immunisation (AEFI) at vaccination centres. In addition, adherence and administration of an infection management practices on the session web site, to forestall illness transmission, the ministry mentioned.

The mock drill contains concurrent monitoring and evaluate on the block and district ranges and preparation of suggestions.

What’s a COVID-19 vaccination centre like

The Union well being ministry has ready an in depth guidelines and shared with the states and UTs to information them within the dry run. As per the rules, every vaccination centre can be divided into three rooms. The first can be a ready room, the place folks will wait for his or her time period to get vaccinated. The second room would be the vaccination room, the place the vaccine can be administered. Those who’ve been vaccinated will then proceed to the commentary room the place skilled personnel will observe them for any unwanted effects for half an hour.

Explaining the process, a well being official at Dahod in Gujarat the place a mock run was held on Saturday, mentioned {that a} vaccinator verifies the paperwork of the beneficiaries on the entry gate earlier than sending them to the ready room. In the ready room, the vaccinator enters the main points of the beneficiaries within the Co-WIN software earlier than sending them to the vaccination room, the place they’re administered a mock vaccine and defined about numerous protocols.

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From there, they’re despatched to the commentary room for thirty minutes earlier than leaving, the official mentioned.

As a part of the mock train, person IDs for beneficiaries have been created by way of knowledge feed within the Co-WIN software, utilizing which the beneficiaries have been chosen and messages despatched to them together with the placement of the vaccination centre.

The similar course of can be adopted as soon as the precise vaccine turns into obtainable.

According to govt pointers, every vaccination web site could have a separate entry and exit moreover this ‘three-room set-up’ with enough house exterior for consciousness era actions, show all IEC materials at these websites and be certain that all SOPs and protocols are being practised on the recognized websites in an excellent surroundings together with vaccination groups to be recognized and skilled in all elements.

The dry run additionally examined the efficacy of the method to pick out beneficiaries and efficiently register them within the Co-WIN app.

Maharashtra Health Minister Rajesh Tope mentioned on Saturday that the collection of beneficiaries for the primary section of precise mass vaccination can be modelled on the Election Commission’s polling process.

“The only exception will be that the person who gets an SMS can only come to receive the shot. “Like a polling sales space, an individual has to indicate an identification card earlier than coming into a well being centre. After verification, the vaccine can be administered, and the one who obtained the shot can be shifted to the adjoining restroom for commentary (for any antagonistic response),” the state health minister said.

He said separate rooms will be earmarked for men and women at health centres.

“The one who is run COVID-19 vaccine can be monitored by docs or nurses in these rooms and can be offered medical assist in case she or he feels uneasy because of anxiousness or every other antagonistic response. Maharashtra is now ready to hold out (precise) vaccination drive for plenty,” Tope added.

96,000 vaccinators trained so far

As the vaccine administrators will play an important role in the vaccination process, training of trainers and those who shall administer the vaccine has been taken up across various states.

Around 96,000 vaccinators have been trained for this purpose. A total of 2,360 participants have been trained in the National Training of Trainers and over 57,000 participants trained in district-level training in 719 districts. States are augmenting the state helpline 104 (which shall be used in addition to 1075) for any vaccine/software-related query.

Where is the dry run being held?

According to a previous statement of the health ministry, the activity was proposed to be conducted in all state capitals in at least three session sites.

However, in some states, the drill also includes districts that are situated in difficult terrain/have poor logistical support. In Maharashtra and Kerala, the dry run is being held in other major cities besides the state capitals.

Tamil Nadu: The dry run was held at three centres each in the districts of Chennai, Tiruvallur, Nilgiris, Tirunelveli and five in Coimbatore. “An preliminary studying was that the room earmarked for vaccination needs to be extra spacious,” Tamil Nadu Health Secretary J Radhakrishnan told reporters, adding officials from the WHO and UNICEF also witnessed the drive.

Quoting initial inputs, he said the dry run, involving about 2,000 personnel and 510 participants, showed overall satisfactory results, adding that the focus of the exercise was preparation and planning for the proposed roll-out of thev accination. The mobile application and other processes, including identification of beneficiaries worked well and aspects like internet connectivity in hilly regions were also studied and all of these observations would be sent to the Centre, he said.

Goa: The mock drill was carried out at three state-run Primary Health Centres (PHCs) at Corlim, Panaji and Aldona, all in North Goa, which were identified for the purpose.

Kerala: At least 25 health workers each took part in the dry run, organised in four districts of Kerala on Saturday. The vaccine mock drill was conducted in four districts – Thiruvananthapuram, Idukki, Wayanad and Palakkad. Kerala is planning to inoculate government and private sector health workers, medical students and Asha and Anganwadi workers the first phase of the vaccination and so far, 3.13 lakh people have registered for the same.

Telangana: The dry run was held at four centres in Hyderabad and three centres at Mahabubnagar. The state government has already trained 10,000 healthcare personnel for administering vaccines and the state has the capacity to vaccinate 10 lakh per day, state Health Minister Eatala Rajender said on Saturday. The government is expecting to receive five lakh doses of vaccines initially, followed by another 10 lakh and one crore doses subsequently.

Rajasthan: Dry runs for the universal vaccination as per the protocol received from the Centre were held Saturday at 19 centres of seven districts of the state, including three in Jaipur. During the dry runs, the support staff for the inoculation were given training and the state now is ready for the vaccination after receiving the vaccine.

Karnataka: The dry run for COVID-19 vaccination is being held in five districts — Bengaluru Urban, Belagavi, Kalaburagi, Mysuru and Shivamogga, according to reports. In Karnataka, three session sites — one each at district, taluk and primary health centre levels — have been chosen for the dry run. After the dry run, feedback will be collected from those session sites of each district, the government said.

Maharashtra: Four districts in the state have been selected for the dry run of the coronavirus vaccine. These include Pune, Nagpur, Jalna and Nandurbar. In Pune district, the health centres at the district hospital in Aundh, primary health care centre at Man, and Jijamata Hospital in Pimpri Chinchwad have been enrolled for the dry run. In Nagpur, Daaga hospital, rural hospital in Kamptee and primary health care centre in Nagpur city has been identified for the run. In Jalna, centres selected include district hospital, subdistrict hospital, Ambad and Shelgaon primary health care centre in Badnapur taluka. In Nandurbar, district hospital, primary health care centre in Ashte and Navapursub-district hospital has been selected.

Punjab: After successfully conducting a two-day dry run on Tuesday in the two districts of Ludhiana and Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr), Punjab Health Minister Balbir Singh Sidhu recently said in a statement that the sate will be conducting another drive in Patiala on 2 and 3 January with support from UNDP and WHO. As per the Centre’s guidelines, the dry run will be conducted at Government Medical College; Sadhbhavna Hospital; and the Community Health Centre in Shatrana.

Haryana: According to PTI, the state has planned a dry run at three sites in Panchkula. The drive will be held at three sites, officials said.

Gujarat: After a first successful dry run earlier this week, the Gujarat govt held a day-long dry run to check the preparations for COVID-19 vaccination in four districts of Gujarat. The govt had selected the districts of Dahod, Bhavnagar, Valsad and Anand for the second dry run. As many as 300 registered beneficiaries were to undergo dummy vaccination at 12 centres across these four districts.

Gujarat Health Commissioner Jaiprakash Shivahare had told reporters on Friday that the state government has already trained 16,000 vaccinators and created a cold chain infrastructure to store one crore vaccine doses as part of its preparation in case the actual vaccination drive is announced.

Uttar Pradesh: The state has planned a dry run for vaccination against COVID-19 at six places in the state capital Lucknow. According to reports, the state has trained 70,000 vaccinators and will be conducting the initial vaccination in phases.

Chhattisgarh: The state govt has identified seven districts for the dry run namely Raipur, Surguja, Bilaspur, Rajnandgaon, Durg, Bastar and Gaurela-Pendra-Marwahi (GPM). Three session sites — a district hospital, community health centres (CHCs) and primary health centres (PHCs) have been selected as centres for the exercise.

Delhi: Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Shahdara, Urban Primary Health Centre, Daryaganj, and Venkateshwar Hospital, Dwarka, are the three sites in Delhi which have been selected for the dry run of the roll-out of COVID-19 vaccine within the National Capital. The Delhi govt is planning to manage COVID-19 vaccine to 51 lakh priority category persons in the city in the first phase of the vaccination

West Bengal: West Bengal is conducting the COVID vaccination mock drill at Urban Primary Health Centres at Duttabad and Madhyagram and at Amdanga Rural Hospital in North 24 Parganas district. Twenty-five health workers were identified for the dry run.

Second dry run in a week

Saturday’s was the second dry run this week. The first round of the dry run was conducted in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Punjab on 28-29 December in two districts each where five-session sites with 25 beneficiaries each were identified.

No major issues were observed in the operational aspects during this dry run. All States expressed confidence in the operational guidelines and IT platform for large scale programme implementation, the Union health ministry said.

How the Centre, states prepared for the dry run

Union Health Secretary Rajesh Bhushan had on Thursday said that for each of the three-session sites, the Medical Officer In-charge will identify 25 test beneficiaries (healthcare workers).

The states and UTs have been asked to ensure that the data of these beneficiaries is uploaded in Co-WIN. These beneficiaries will also be available at the session site for the dry run.

The states and UTs shall prepare the facilities and users to be created on Co-WIN application including uploading the data of Health Care Worker (HCW) beneficiaries, the ministry stated.

The states and UTs have been asked to ensure physical verification of all proposed sites for the adequacy of space, logistical arrangements, internet connectivity, electricity, safety, etc. and prepare at least three model session sites in each state (at state capital) for demonstration.

With inputs from PTI



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